Giornata mondiale del libro e del diritto d’autore: l’estinzione di uno strumento di cultura

Giornata mondiale del libro e del diritto d’autore: l’estinzione di uno strumento di cultura

Oggi è la Giornata Mondiale del Libro e del Diritto d’Autore che, dal 1996, si celebra il 23 Aprile in omaggio a tre grandi autori morti in questo giorno: William Shakespeare, Miguel de Cervantes e Inca Garcilaso de la Vega.

In questo giorno in molte città sono state organizzate diverse iniziative per promuovere la lettura o per invitare all’acquisto di un libro, è anche stata creata una collana apposta con un’edizione speciale di ventiquattro titoli di narrativa contrassegnata dall’hashtag #ioleggoperché. Tutte le attività possono essere consultate nell’omonimo sito.

orologio davanti a un libroLa Giornata Mondiale del Libro nasce per celebrare uno degli strumenti più importanti della cultura, talmente importante da essere stato considerato molte volte, talmente pericoloso da richiederne l’occultamento o la distruzione.

Basti ricordare l’indice dei libri proibiti, creato nel 1558, che raccoglievano l’insieme delle pubblicazioni proibite dalla Chiesa Cattolica o il rogo dei libri avvenuto nella Bebelplatz di Berlino, il 10 maggio 1933, per opera del regime Nazista.

Tutti sono d’accordo nel dire che un libro aiuta a sognare, stimola la fantasia e il pensiero, rende liberi e arricchisce la mente. I Social dedicati come Goodsread e Anobii sono pieni di utenti che riempiono il loro scaffale virtuale di libri da leggere, letti o che vorrebbero leggere.

Eppure gli ultimi dati statistici riportano che l’Italia è uno dei paesi con l’indice più basso di diffusione dei libri (circa il 42%) e, secondo i dati dell’ISTAT, solo nel 2014 si sono persi 820 mila lettori.

Il calo della pratica della lettura non è nemmeno riconducibile alla diffusione degli ebook che, anzi, sembrano alzare la media dei lettori italiani: almeno 7 milioni di italiani hanno letto un ebook nell’anno passato.

Dai dati statistici sembra che spesso una maggiore predisposizione alla lettura sia stimolata da un ambiente familiare in cui si legge molto: il 66,9% dei ragazzi tra i 6 e i 14 anni che leggono hanno entrambi i genitori lettori, mentre sono il 32,7% i lettori con genitori che non leggono. Addirittura quasi una famiglia su dieci dichiara di non avere alcun libro in casa. orsacchiotto che legge un libro

La verità è che in Italia non esiste una vera e propria educazione alla lettura: le biblioteche delle scuole sono perlopiù in uno stato vegetativo, gli incontri con chi scrive e con chi si occupa di editoria sono molto volentieri un miraggio, le iniziative a favore della lettura sono poche, poco stimolate e, soprattutto, poco comunicate.

Insomma, il libro è un oggetto che sta, piano piano, andando verso la via dell’estinzione e che, come alcuni animali rari che si possono ammirare solo nei musei, siamo ormai condannati a prendere polvere nelle biblioteche.

L’augurio per questa manifestazione è che, dopo una giornata in cui sono tutti impegnati promuovere l’amore per la lettura, il giorno dopo non si ritorni a leggere soltanto i cartelloni stradali.

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